If you’re in the market for a vacation home and you’re thinking about buying a fixer-upper, there can be several advantages.
First-time real estate investors may find a fixer-upper attractive because they have a lower budget, and fixer-upper list prices tend to be significantly lower. Once you see the inspection report, there may be even more room for price negotiation.
Due diligence is a must when you’re investing in fixer-uppers. Will the money you save on purchase price be absorbed by the repairs, remodeling, and other home improvements you have in mind? Is that a trade-off you’re willing to make?
Property taxes are, in part, assessed based on a home’s value. Sale price and comparable home prices also factor into a home’s value. So, if your vacation home’s sale price is significantly lower because it’s a fixer-upper, your property taxes may be lower, too—at least for now.
The frequency at which property value is assessed for tax purposes will vary, depending on your state and local market. In the majority of states, property value is assessed for property tax purposes every five to seven years. However, in most states, property taxes are also assessed right after the sale of a home. This can benefit you as the owner of a fixer-upper vacation home, as your assessment will likely occur before you complete your home repairs and improvements.
There are also considerations for tax breaks. When you renovate a vacation rental investment, these can be part of the cost of doing business. This means the costs of repairing and improving your fixer-upper house could be partially or completely written off during tax season. Consult with your CPA or tax preparer to learn more about the potential benefits of a fixer-upper vacation rental.
If you’re buying a vacation home with an eye to design (or redesign) a home to your tastes and specifications, a fixer-upper might be a great property for you. A fixer-upper can be immensely satisfying when you’re buying a vacation home for personal use, or primarily to entertain friends, family, or business associates. From bathroom remodels and outdoor hot tubs to pet-friendly finishes and family-friendly kitchens, it’s possible that your upgrades will help your home appreciate in value quickly.
You want to be thoughtful about how much fixing up to do, though, if you plan to use your fixer-upper home as a vacation rental. Depending on your market, certain upgrades can earn you more rental income. Others, typically, do not. It’s a good idea to consult our design associates to leverage vacation rental industry insights and interior design expertise before you jump on a fixer-upper.
Remember, it’s not called a fixer-upper for nothing. There are important considerations for time and budget that may not be obvious when you’re searching for your fixer-upper home.
When you’re buying a fixer-upper, working with contractors and putting in your own elbow grease will be inevitable. If you’ve got a day job, a family, or a loving partner, you’ve got to be honest about how much time you’ll dedicate to making your home vacation-ready. Even if you outsource the work to professionals, it can be a daily grind to hire, schedule, and manage contractors.
You’ll be the proud owner of a vacation home. Would it be more relaxing to kick back and actually be on vacation there instead of pouring sweat equity and money into your fixer-upper?
Renovating a vacation home is a series of layered processes that can take months. Depending on your availability, your contract teams’ availability, and even seasonality, your vacation home improvements could easily cut into fair-weather months, which is your peak season for earning vacation rental income.
If you’re planning to hire others to complete the work, you may be working with more than one contractor. It can take a long time for the work to wrap up—no matter what timeline is promised. Depending on how big a project you undertake, you might even have to start the process by hiring an architect, which adds to your timeline (and your budget) even further.
If you plan to go the DIY route, how many nights, weekends, and vacations will you pour into your vacation home? (Lots.)
Remember, every day your home is under construction is one more day you can’t vacation in it. It’s also one more day you can’t earn income from short-term rental guests.
No matter how diligent your home inspection is, when you’re buying a fixer-upper, there are things that can't be seen until you start tearing out walls. You, your budget, and your calendar need to be prepared for the unexpected.
And with any renovation, miscommunication and contractor errors can crop up along the way, resulting in the need to redo or change what was already fixed. You wanted beadboard on the ceiling, not the walls? Oops. Your contractor’s subcontractor skipped a key permitting process, and now the new mudroom off the kitchen has to be demolished because it extends beyond the setback? It happens.
How much do vacation home renovations cost? Ask anyone who’s ever built or renovated a home, and they’ll tell you that these types of projects are likely to go over budget. In the case of a fixer-upper vacation rental, It’s not uncommon for buyers to put so much cash into the renovations that it negates any "deal" on the list price—and that could be before the project goes over budget.
One way to manage costs is to strategically space out your vacation home improvements. For example, if you’re planning to use your future retirement home as a vacation rental first, you could start with fresh paint, updated interior design and furnishings, and maybe a new deck or hot tub. Then, as you move closer to retirement, you might tackle something larger like upgrading the kitchen, remodeling a bathroom, adding a bedroom, or doing some more elaborate landscaping.
Talk with a vacation home real estate expert to learn more about buying a fixer upper vacation rental, and get the help you need to make a decision that feels right for you.
One option is to look into a home improvement loan, which is a type of unsecured personal loan (meaning you don’t have to use your house as collateral to qualify). Institutions that offer home improvement loans include banks, credit unions, and some online lenders. Your credit score is the primary factor to determine your interest rate and whether you qualify.
Other financing options can also allow you to take out extra money to cover renovations—for example, a home equity line of credit (HELOC), a cash-out refinance, or a home equity loan.
Either way, remember we’re not CPAs or tax experts, so consult a professional to determine your options before you move forward.
Be wary of unpermitted renovations and features that might not be up to code. In your home inspection, you should also see how old the home’s systems are to get an idea of what you’ll need to replace either immediately or long-term. Check out the furnace, roof, and appliances, which are all costly to replace—and if they’re in good working order already, that can save you a chunk of money.
No matter the home’s condition, keep an eye out for potential dangers or structural issues, like a leaky roof, a cracked foundation, faulty wiring, or radon in the basement. Fixing these problems can cause your renovation costs to skyrocket, so you might want to consider another property if you’d rather devote your time (and money) to aesthetic improvements.
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*This document is for information and illustrative purposes only. It is not intended to provide “investment advice” or a “recommendation” regarding a course of action. The discussion is general in nature and has not taken into account your personal financial position or objectives. You should consult a licensed financial advisor or other professional to discuss your specific situation.